Tuesday, May 5, 2020
The Emerging Technology of Automatic Cars
Question: Describe about The Emerging Technology of Automatic Cars. Answer: Introduction This research proposal identifies and explores the emerging automatic cars technology and then addresses the historical, social, cultural, moral, and ethical issues that it presents. An automatic car is an up-to-date and emerging technology that has continued to transform the sedans in the automobile engineering. Owing to its hands-off driving power, an automatic car like Cadillac or Model S is capable of changing lanes robotically on the highways since they have the vehicle-to-vehicle technology. More over these cars are capable of changing the gears of the car without the assistance of the driver or the owner of the car. The other specifications like pre collision technology that helps the cars to avoid the accidents autonomously on the blind spots of the road or at the turns of the roads. This is helpful for the drivers whenever they do not pay attention to the road for any reason. In addition to that the other technologies like the rear mounted radar and the night vision is used in the automatic cars to provide ease of driving to the owners. Problem Statement There have been increased incidents of road carnage caused by the human-driven cars in the recent past and this trend continues to cause fear to the road users. Consequently, the insurance premiums have tremendously increased despite the economic challenges facing the car owners. Due to these myriad of challenges, the proposal seeks to address the importance of automatic cars as a substitute for the human-driven cars to minimize the challenges. Literature Review The emergence of the automatic cars in the automobile production sparks mixed reactions among car buyers today. Some technology fanciers seem to embrace the idea as their fervent counterparts who prefer driving express cynicism, especially about motor vehicle insurance("Self-Driving Cars to Create Long Term Challenges for Auto Insurers: Moody's", 2016). Over 75 percent of the U.S. car owners welcome the idea of automatic cars owing to someadvantages such as stability control, adaptive cruise control, lane keeping, and steer-by-wire(Naughton, 2016).Such cars possess the ability to communicate with each other and with the infrastructure through vehicle-to-vehicle technology.In addition, this technology will enable the individuals who cannot drive to be mobile. Owing to improved technology, many lives lost on roads due to widespread road carnage will be preserved. Moreover, there is improved theefficiency of both roads and cars. Furthermore, with this technology, there will be offloadin g of tiresome parts of driving. The central idea about this car is that there is a possibility of rapidly cutting the engine power using the brakes. Objectives/Aims The aim of the proposal is to Identifying and exploring the emerging automatic cars technology Auto transmission- the auto transmission of the gears helps the driver of the car to change the gear without using the clutch or gear (Kahlbau Bestle, 2013). This in turn helps reducing the psychological stress of the driver and drive more safely. Pre collision technology- The companies like Ford and Hyundai developed the pre collision technology and the pedestrian detection technology (Kahlbau Bestle, 2013). These technologies alert the driver when they are not paying attention to the road and there is a probability of collision. If after the alarm the driver does not respond to the alarm, the system uses the breaks automatically to stop the car and avoid the collision. Rear mounted radar- This system helps the driver of the car to avoid the objects that are immediately behind the car and can cause harm to the boy of the car (Bellur, 2014). It can also help to avoid the collision with the other cars in the parking area (Dooley et al., 2016). Vehicle-to-vehicle communication- This technology helps the cars to broadcast the position, speed, break status and other data within the circle of few hundred meters so that the other cars can know their positions and status to alert the sensor systems and the driver of the car (Takai et al., 2014). In the year 2015 Ford introduced this technology in its Automatic cars. Figure 1: Vehicle to Vehicle communication system (Source: Takai et al., 2014, pp- 9) Historical timeline of the different technologies used in the Automatic car Figure: Historical time line for the different technologies used in the Automatic cars (Source: Created by author) The historical, social, cultural, moral, and ethical issues presented by Automatic cars Historical issues- With the development of the new technologies the automobile industry also adopted some of them to provide more reliability and safety than the cars in the past (Bellur et al., 2014). Therefore it became more easy and safe to drive a car in a congested area or accident prone zones. Social and Culteral-If a branch of a tree comes in the way of a car then the driver try to avoid the obstacle by changing the lane of the road, at the same time the driver will try to minimize the prblem that is caused by the sudden change (Kahlbau Bestle, 2013). But for the automatic cars if the driver is not alert, then the sudden changes by the auto transmission can cause problems to the other cars behind it. Moral and etical issues- Again it is known that the law and ethics often diverge. For this often the good jucgements are considered as illeagal as per law (Dooley et al., 2016). As an example in case of any emergency a autonomous car will have a confict with the driver or the owner of the car on the issue of the speed limit. Methodology The data collection will be done by analysing and reviewing the credible and peer-reviwed journals, online publications, and newspapers such as bloomerg, and relevant books. I addition, questinares and intervirews wiill be administerd to the licensed car owners above 18 years old. An estimated 100 participants will be selected as participants in the study. The data will be analysed using a synergy of both the qualitative and quantiative methodss. Time for the project The proposal will take approximately 7 weeks for data collection, analysis, and discusion of the main findings. Tools and Equipment The equipment requried for the project include books, journals, internet, computer, writing materials, pens and other stationery. Project Flow Chart References Naughton, K. (2016).Nearly 75% of U.S. Drivers Say They'd Let a Robot Take the Wheel.Claims Journal. Retrieved 8 July 2016, from https://www.claimsjournal.com/news/national/2016/07/01/271926.htm Self-Driving Cars to Create Long Term Challenges for Auto Insurers: Moody's. (2016).Insurance Journal. Retrieved 8 July 2016, from https://www.insurancejournal.com/news/national/2016/03/29/403341.htm Takai, I., Harada, T., Andoh, M., Yasutomi, K., Kagawa, K., Kawahito, S. (2014). Optical vehicle-to-vehicle communication system using LED transmitter and camera receiver.IEEE Photonics Journal,6(5), 1-14. Bellur, B. R., Bhattacharya, D., Iyer, A. V. (2014).U.S. Patent No. 8,819,414. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Kahlbau, S., Bestle, D. (2013). Optimal shift control for automatic transmission#.Mechanics Based Design of Structures and Machines,41(3), 259-273. Dooley, D., McGinley, B., Hughes, C., Kilmartin, L., Jones, E., Glavin, M. (2016). A Blind-Zone Detection Method Using a Rear-Mounted Fisheye Camera With Combination of Vehicle Detection Methods.IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems,17(1), 264-278.